Deniz Karakas is an art historian of the early modern Middle East with a focus on the architectural and urban cultures of the Ottoman Empire. She is particularly interested in the complex relationship between spatiality and social relations involved in the making and experiencing of hydraulic resources in the early modern world. Her dissertation “Clay Pipes, Marble Surfaces: The Topographies of Water Supply in Late Seventeenth- and Early Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Istanbul” explores how the Ottomans visualized their environmental anxieties around water extraction shaped by economy and aesthetics in their capital city, Istanbul. A chapter is published in the edited collection Istanbul and Water (Peeters–Leuven, 2015), and she is currently preparing her dissertation for publication. Prior to coming to Tulane University, she held a postdoctoral position at Sabanci University (Istanbul, Turkey) and taught at Texas State University, Middlebury College, the University of Pittsburgh, Oberlin College, and Ithaca College. In addition to a PhD, she also holds a professional undergraduate degree in architecture.