John Bardes entered the PhD program in 2014. His work examines crime, punishment, policing, incarceration, state power, and the evolving boundaries of race, gender, class, and community in the U.S. South. His work has appeared in the Journal of Southern History and Southern Cultures. His dissertation examines the evolution of penal sanctions for coercing free and enslaved labor in nineteenth-century Louisiana. It demonstrates how antebellum ideas and practices regarding the policing and imprisonment of maroons, poor white vagrants, and illicit free black sailors formed the basis for the postbellum reconstruction of ideas regarding black deviance and criminality.